Pre-Incan grave with skeletons of 1,000-year-old human sacrifices found in Peru
Archaeologists in #Peru have discovered #tombs containing the #skeletons of nine victims of human sacrifice, along with an #ancient *metallurgy workshop, believed to date back over 1,000 years. The finds were made at the #Pomac Forest Historic Sanctuary, in the area of #Lambayeque , some 700km (435 miles) north of #Lima .
The team of #Japanese and #Peruvian archaeologists found the remains of nine men who were #sacrificed as part of a ritual. In a separate area, they discovered a stomb believed to have belonged to an #elite member of the #Sican culture, which pre-dated the #Incas and lived on Peru's north coast between 750 and 1375 AD. Both tombs were surrounded by ceramic vessels and ceremonial #knives .
Archaeologist Go Matsumoto told Reuters: "They are bodies that were sacrificed. They're men, all are men. They were about 25 or 30 years of age and I think they were sacrificed during the Middle Sican period so they are from the Lambayeque Culture, more or less a thousand years old." The Sicans are believed to have been traders and skilled artisans whose metallurgy and #ceramics featured religious motifs. Sican burial practices were banned after the arrival of the #Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. It is believed they died out after a major drought that lasted 30 years.
A gold tumi, probably representing the culture's deity. Tumis are knives or hammers (they come in many sizes) and some archeologists state that their shape is related to the importance of the cult of the moon for civilizations located on the Peruvian coastline. Traditionally associated with fertility and the female body, the moon plays a role on tides, and these civilizations relied massively on the sea for food and commerce. Naylamp, Lambayenques' main deity, was believed to have grown wings after death, regaining life, and therefore is also known as the 'Dio Pájaro' (God bird) and represented with wings on his back and around his eyes.
This is a gold funerary mask, known as 'mascara de los ojos alados' or mask of winged eyes, probably representing Naylamp, the culture's main deity. While much of Peruvian ancient civilizations remains a mystery, it is known that this mask belonged to the Lambayenque (also called Sican) culture, which inhabited the area around 800 AD, following the collapse of the Mochica civilization. They remained prosperous until they were conquered by the more famous Chimú civilization (with Chan-Chan as their capital city, the biggest adobe city of the world). The northern coast of Peru is filled with archeological findings of Pre-Incaic cultures, including the Caral civilization, one of the oldest in the world. While much has been stolen by thieves and huaqueros (local tomb raiders and sellers), many gems are exhibited at the Museum in Ferreñafe, more than worthy a visit. Funerary masks and rites are present, among others, also in the ancient Egyptian culture, as well as in ancient Greek sites ( 'Agamemnon's mask' being the most celebre exemple).
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Visitanos y entra a un mundo lleno de diseño y color. #Sican una marca 100% comprometida concel medio ambiente; portavasos, billeteras, relojes, bolsos, etc... .
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